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‘Just 36% women, 31% men have normal blood pressure in J&K’: Study

By: Jahangeer Ganaie

Srinagar, May 17: At least 11 percent women and 10 percent men in Jammu and Kashmir are suffering from hypertension while as more than half of the population are in pre hypertensive stage.

As per the data derived from the NHF Survey-5, just 36 percent women and 31 percent men in Jammu and Kashmir have normal blood pressure.

Similarly, around 60 percent people of 15-19 year age groups have normal blood pressure which decreases to just 17 percent in 45-49 year old age group besides that the percentage of people who are in pre hypertensive stage also increases from around 40 percent in 15-19 age group to around 62 percent in 45-49 age group.

The prevalence of hypertension among people urban areas is more as compared to people living in rural areas as around 10.3 percent women in Urban areas and 9.7 percent women in rural areas are having hypertension.

“Eleven percent of women age 15-49 in Jammu & Kashmir have hypertension, including 7 percent with Stage 1 hypertension and 1 percent each with Stage 2 and less than 1 percent with Stage 3 hypertension,” the data reads

“Hypertension also includes women with normal blood pressure (0.3%) who are taking medicine to lower their blood pressure. Thirty-six percent of women have normal blood pressure.” It adds.

“The prevalence of hypertension among men age 15-49 is slightly lower than among women. Ten percent of men in Jammu & Kashmir have hypertension, including 8 percent with Stage 1 hypertension, 1 percent with Stage 2 hypertension, and 0.2 percent with Stage 3 hypertension,” the data adds

“Hypertension also includes men with normal blood pressure who are taking medicine to lower their blood pressure. Thirty-one percent of men have normal blood pressure. For both women and men, hypertension increases with age,” the data states

As per the data, age has correlation with hypertension and with growing age you have more chances of having hypertension as just 3 percent people of 15-19 age are having hypertension which increases to over 4 percent in 20-24 age group, around 7 percent in 25-29 age group, 8.5 percent in 30-34 age group, 14 percent in 35-39 age group, 20 percent in 40-45 age group and 24 percent in 45-49 age group.

Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the arterial walls. Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. Hypertension is major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney diseases, and brain diseases, and it is a major cause of premature deaths worldwide. Some of the risk factors for developing hypertension are unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, alcohol and tobacco consumption, and excess body weight. —(KNO)

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